The Oncology Institute Reports First Quarter 2024 Financial Results and Reaffirms Full Year 2024 Guidance

May 14, 2024

CERRITOS, Calif., May 14, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Oncology Institute, Inc. (NASDAQ: TOI) (“TOI” or the “Company”), one of the largest value-based community oncology groups in the United States, today reported financial results for its three months ended March 31, 2024.

Recent Operational Highlights Include:

  • Successfully completed integration of first capitated risk contract direct to a health plan, and launched MSO model to enhance employed clinic locations, in the Florida market, effective January 1, 2024
  • Partnered with MaxHealth to expand value-based care and assume clinical and financial responsibility to patients in five Florida counties
  • 7 new capitation and value-based contracts signed across 3 states, our highest number ever in a quarter
  • Increase of 70% in scripts dispensed compared to prior year quarter
  • Welcomed Jordan McInerney as new Chief Development Officer
  • Hired 7 new providers in the quarter and ended the quarter with 73 clinics and 126 employed providers

First Quarter 2024 Financial Highlights

  • Consolidated revenue of $95 million, an increase of 24.2% from $76 million compared to the prior year quarter
  • Gross profit of $12 million, a decrease of 15.1% compared to the prior year quarter, and gross margin of 12.6%, a decrease from 18.5% the prior year quarter
  • Net loss of $19.9 million compared to net loss of $30.0 million for the prior year quarter
  • Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share of $(0.22) and $(0.22), respectively, compared to $(0.33) and $(0.33), respectively, for the prior year quarter
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $(10.9) million compared to $(7.4) million for the prior year quarter
  • Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments of $66 million as of March 31, 2024

First Quarter 2024 Results

Management Commentary

Daniel Virnich, CEO of TOI, commented, "I am very pleased with our performance in the first quarter of 2024, as we delivered strong growth in revenue, while further reducing SG&A. Our full-risk capitated contract in South Florida is a significant milestone for TOI and we are excited to prove our model through this partnership. Our demonstrated ability to concurrently grow top line through both new value-based partnerships and expansion of our oral specialty drug business lays the groundwork for continued success in 2024 and beyond."

Outlook for Fiscal Year 2024

TOI uses Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP metric, as an additional tool to assess its operational performance. See "Financial Information: Non-GAAP Financial Measures" below. In reliance on the unreasonable efforts exception provided under Regulation S-K, TOI is not reasonably able to provide a quantitative reconciliation for forward-looking information of Adjusted EBITDA to net (loss) income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, without unreasonable efforts due to uncertainties regarding taxes, share-based compensation, goodwill impairment charges, change in fair value of liabilities, unrealized (gains) losses on investments, practice acquisition-related costs, consulting and legal fees, transaction costs and other non-cash items. The variability of these items could have an unpredictable, and potentially significant, impact on TOI’s future GAAP financial results. TOI expects interest expense in the range of $4 million to $5 million, other adjustment add backs in the range of $2 million to $4 million, and depreciation and amortization in the range of $4 million to $6 million. Consequently TOI reaffirms its full year 2024 guidance as follows:

2024 Guidance
Revenue$400 to $415 million
Gross Profit$68 to $79 million
Adjusted EBITDA$(8) to $(18) million

TOI's achievement of the anticipated results is subject to risks and uncertainties, including those disclosed in its filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The outlook does not take into account the impact of any unanticipated developments in the business or changes in the operating environment, nor does it take into account the impact of TOI's acquisitions, dispositions or financings. TOI's outlook assumes a largely reopened global market, which would be negatively impacted if closures or other restrictive measures persist or are reimplemented.

First Quarter 2024 Results

Consolidated revenue for Q1 2024 was $95 million, an increase of 24.2% compared to Q1 2023, and a 10.3% increase compared to Q4 2023.

Revenue for patient services was $52 million, up 4.3% compared to Q1 2023. Growth in patient services revenue was driven by an increase in capitated contracts entered into during 2023 and 2024 as well as growth in fee-for-service ("FFS") revenue due to practice acquisitions and an overall increase in clinic count. Dispensary revenue increased 63.7% compared to Q1 2023 due to an increase in the number of filled prescriptions, offset by a slight decrease in the average revenue per filled prescription. Clinical trials & other revenue increased by 50.9% compared to Q1 2023 primarily due to an increase in California Proposition 56 revenue and TOI Clinical Research revenue.

Gross profit in Q1 2024 was $12 million, a decrease of 15.1% compared to Q1 2023. The decrease was primarily driven by ongoing cost management fluctuations of oral and IV drugs. Gross profit is calculated by subtracting direct costs of patient services, dispensary, and clinical trials and other from consolidated revenues.

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses in Q1 2024 were $28 million or 30.1% of revenue, compared with $29 million, or 37.8% of revenue, in Q1 2023. During Q1 2024, share-based compensation expense was $4 million. The decrease in SG&A expenses was due to a re-alignment of our vendors.

Net loss for Q1 2024 was $19.9 million, an increase of $10.1 million in income compared to Q1 2023 primarily due to a goodwill impairment charge of $16.9 million in Q1 2023 that did not occur in Q1 2024, offset by a $4.2 million decrease in the change in fair value of earnout and derivative liabilities in Q1 2024 compared to Q1 2023.

Adjusted EBITDA was $(10.9) million, a decrease of $3.6 million compared to Q1 2023, primarily as a result of a change in the fair value of earnout and derivative liabilities and goodwill impairment charges in Q1 2023 that did not occur in the same quarter of the current year.

Webcast and Conference Call

TOI will host a conference call on Tuesday, May 14, 2024 at 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) to discuss first quarter results and management’s outlook for future financial and operational performance.

The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing 1-877-407-0789, or for international callers, 1-201-689-8562. A replay will be available two hours after the call and can be accessed by dialing 1-844-512-2921, or for international callers, 1-412-317-6671. The passcode for the live call and the replay is 13744947. The replay will be available until May 21, 2024.

Interested investors and other parties may also listen to a simultaneous webcast of the conference call by logging onto the Investor Relations section of TOI's website at

About The Oncology Institute, Inc.

Founded in 2007, TOI is advancing oncology by delivering highly specialized, value-based cancer care in the community setting. TOI offers cutting-edge, evidence-based cancer care to a population of approximately 2.0 million patients including clinical trials, transfusions, and other services traditionally associated with the most advanced care delivery organizations. With nearly 130 employed clinicians and more than 700 teammates in over 70 clinic locations and growing, TOI is changing oncology for the better. For more information visit

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes certain statements that are not historical facts but are forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally are accompanied by words such as “preliminary,” “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “should,” “would,” “plan,” “project,” “predict,” “potential,” “guidance,” “approximately,” “seem,” “seek,” “future,” “outlook,” and similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of historical matters. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding projections, anticipated financial results, estimates and forecasts of revenue and other financial and performance metrics and projections of market opportunity and expectations. These statements are based on various assumptions and on the current expectations of TOI and are not predictions of actual performance. These forward-looking statements are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to serve as, and must not be relied on by anyone as, a guarantee, an assurance, a prediction or a definitive statement of fact or probability. Actual events and circumstances are difficult or impossible to predict and will differ from assumptions. Many actual events and circumstances are beyond the control of TOI. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the accuracy of the assumptions underlying the 2024 outlook discussed herein, the outcome of judicial and administrative proceedings to which TOI may become a party or investigations to which TOI may become or is subject that could interrupt or limit TOI’s operations, result in adverse judgments, settlements or fines and create negative publicity; changes in TOI’s patient or payors' preferences, prospects and the competitive conditions prevailing in the healthcare sector; failure to continue to meet stock exchange listing standards; the impact of COVID-19 on TOI’s business; those factors discussed in the documents of TOI filed, or to be filed, with the SEC, including the Item 1A. "Risk Factors" section of TOI's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 filed with the SEC on March 28, 2024 and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q or Current Reports on Form 8-K. If the risks materialize or assumptions prove incorrect, actual results could differ materially from the results implied by these forward-looking statements. There may be additional risks that TOI currently is evaluating or does not presently know or that TOI currently believes are immaterial that could also cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements. In addition, forward-looking statements reflect TOI’s plans or forecasts of future events and views as of the date of this press release. TOI anticipates that subsequent events and developments will cause TOI’s assessments to change. TOI does not undertake any obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing TOI’s assessments as of any date subsequent to the date of this press release. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed upon the forward-looking statements.

Financial Information; Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Some of the financial information and data contained in this press release, such as Adjusted EBITDA, have not been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). TOI’s non-GAAP financial measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Because of the limitations of non-GAAP financial measures, you should consider the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this press release in conjunction with TOI’s financial statements and the related notes thereto.

TOI believes that the use of Adjusted EBITDA provides an additional tool to assess operational performance and results of our performance to plan and forecast future periods, and factors and trends in, and in comparing our financial measures with, other similar companies, many of which present similar non-GAAP financial measures to investors. The principal limitation of Adjusted EBITDA is that it excludes significant expenses and income that are required by GAAP to be recorded in TOI's financial statements.

TOI defines Adjusted EBITDA as net (loss) income plus depreciation, amortization, interest, taxes, non-cash items, share-based compensation, goodwill impairment charges, change in fair value of liabilities, unrealized gains or losses on investments and other adjustments to add-back the following: consulting and legal fees related to acquisitions, one-time consulting and legal fees related to certain advisory projects, software implementations and debt or equity financings, severance expense and temporary labor and recruiting charges to build out our corporate infrastructure. A reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most comparable GAAP metric, is set forth below.

Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation
 Three Months Ended March 31, Change
(dollars in thousands)2024 2023 $ %
Net loss$(19,889) $(29,998) $10,109  (33.7)%
Depreciation and amortization 1,489   1,269   220  17.3%
Interest expense, net 1,985   1,443   542  37.6%
Income tax expense    (26)  26  (100.0)%
Non-cash addbacks(1) (39)  141   (180) (127.7)%
Share-based compensation 4,087   4,965   (878) (17.7)%
Goodwill impairment charges    16,867   (16,867) (100.0)%
Changes in fair value of liabilities    (4,214)  4,214  (100.0)%
Unrealized (gains) losses on investments (82)  (143)  61  (42.7)%
Practice acquisition-related costs(2)    16   (16) (100.0)%
Post-combination compensation expense(3) 130   581   (451) (77.6)%
Consulting and legal fees(4) 176   585   (409) (69.9)%
Infrastructure and workforce costs(5) 1,185   1,143   42  3.7%
Transaction costs(6) 18   8   10  125.0%
Adjusted EBITDA$(10,940) $(7,363) $(3,577) 48.6%


(1)During the three months ended March 31, 2024, non-cash addbacks were primarily comprised of non-cash rent of $51 and net credit losses of $12. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, non-cash addbacks were primarily comprised of net credit losses of $1 and non-cash rent of $140.
(2)Practice acquisition-related costs were comprised of consulting and legal fees incurred to perform due diligence, execute, and integrate acquisitions of various oncology practices.
(3)Deferred consideration payments for practice acquisitions that are contingent upon the seller’s future employment at the Company.
(4)Consulting and legal fees were comprised of a subset of the Company’s total consulting and legal fees, and related to certain advisory projects during the three months ended March 31, 2024. During the three months ended March 31, 2023, these fees related to advisory projects and software implementations.
(5)Infrastructure and workforce costs were comprised of recruiting expenses to build out corporate infrastructure of $376 and $462, software implementation fees of $16 and $29, severance expenses resulting from cost rationalization programs of $10 and $15, temporary labor of $252 and $568, and legal fees related to infrastructure build out of $529 and $0 during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
(6)Transaction costs incurred during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were comprised of consulting, legal, administrative and regulatory fees associated with non-recurring due diligence projects.

Key Business Metrics
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2024 2023
Clinics (1) 87   77 
Markets 14   15 
Lives under value-based contracts (millions) 2.0   1.8 
Net loss$(19,889) $(29,998)
Adjusted EBITDA (in thousands)$(10,940) $(7,363)

(1)Includes independent oncology practices to which we provide limited management services, but do not bear the operating costs.

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(in thousands except share data)

 March 31, 2024 December 31, 2023
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$36,055  $33,488 
Marketable securities 29,777   49,367 
Accounts receivable, net 58,760   42,360 
Other receivables 368   551 
Inventories 11,554   13,678 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 4,678   4,049 
Total current assets 141,192   143,493 
Property and equipment, net 10,995   10,883 
Operating right of use assets 27,416   29,169 
Intangible assets, net 17,131   17,904 
Goodwill 7,230   7,230 
Other assets 568   561 
Total assets$204,532  $209,240 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity   
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$21,015  $14,429 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 6,390   6,363 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 18,363   13,996 
Total current liabilities 45,768   34,788 
Operating lease liabilities 25,060   26,486 
Derivative warrant liabilities 636   636 
Conversion option derivative liabilities 3,082   3,082 
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs 88,385   86,826 
Other non-current liabilities 273   365 
Deferred income taxes liability 32   32 
Total liabilities 163,236   152,215 
Stockholders’ equity:   
Common Stock, 0.0001 par value, authorized 500,000,000 shares; 76,046,694 and 75,879,025 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 8   8 
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock, 0.0001 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares; 165,045 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023     
Additional paid-in capital 208,346   204,186 
Treasury Stock at cost, 1,733,774 shares at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (1,019)  (1,019)
Accumulated deficit (166,039)  (146,150)
Total stockholders’ equity 41,296   57,025 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$204,532  $209,240 

Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
(in thousands except share data)

 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2024 2023
Patient services$52,453  $50,273 
Dispensary 39,679   24,240 
Clinical trials & other 2,534   1,679 
Total operating revenue 94,666   76,192 
Operating expenses   
Direct costs – patient services 49,497   42,814 
Direct costs – dispensary 32,809   19,145 
Direct costs – clinical trials & other 391   134 
Goodwill impairment charges    16,867 
Selling, general and administrative expense 28,452   28,830 
Depreciation and amortization 1,489   1,269 
Total operating expenses 112,638   109,059 
Loss from operations (17,972)  (32,867)
Other non-operating expense (income)   
Interest expense, net 1,985   1,443 
Change in fair value of derivative warrant liabilities    (143)
Change in fair value of earnout liabilities    (752)
Change in fair value of conversion option derivative liabilities    (3,318)
Other, net (68)  (143)
Total other non-operating (income) loss 1,917   (2,913)
Loss before provision for income taxes (19,889)  (29,954)
Income tax expense    (44)
Net loss$(19,889) $(29,998)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders:   
Basic$(0.22) $(0.33)
Diluted$(0.22) $(0.33)
Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:   
Basic 74,234,287   73,449,132 
Diluted 74,234,287   73,449,132 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(in thousands)

  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2024   2023
Cash flows from operating activities:     
Net loss$(19,889) $(29,998)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash and cash equivalents used in operating activities:      
Depreciation and amortization1,489  1,269 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount1,559  1,523 
Goodwill impairment charges  16,867 
Share-based compensation4,087  4,965 
Change in fair value of liability classified warrants  (143)
Change in fair value of liability classified earnouts  (752)
Change in fair value of liability classified conversion option derivatives  (3,318)
Unrealized gain on investments(85) (143)
Accretion of discount on investment securities(324) (920)
Deferred taxes  (26)
Credit losses  1 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment12   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:      
Accounts receivable(16,400) (6,141)
Other receivables183  189 
Inventories2,124  (993)
Prepaid expenses(629) (24)
Operating right-of-use assets1,753  1,400 
Other assets(7) (50)
Accounts payable6,357  2,574 
Current and long-term operating lease liabilities(1,399) (1,243)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities5,368  (805)
Other non-current liabilities(82) 316 
Net cash and cash equivalents used in operating activities(15,883) (15,452)
Cash flows from investing activities:     
Purchases of property and equipment(610) (1,839)
Purchases of marketable securities/investments  (9,759)
Sales of marketable securities/investments19,998  29,999 
Net cash and cash equivalents provided by investing activities19,388  18,401 
Cash flows from financing activities:     
Payments made for financing of insurance payments(1,002) (1,282)
Payment of deferred consideration liability for acquisition  (409)
Principal payments on financing leases(9) (18)
Common stock issued for options exercised73   
Net cash and cash equivalents used in financing activities(938) (1,709)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents2,567  1,240 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period33,488  14,010 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$36,055  $15,250 



The Oncology Institute, Inc.
Daniel Virnich, MD
(562) 735-3226 x 81125

Michael Petrone
(615) 760-4542


Solebury Strategic Communications